First report: Amazon River Prawn reared in biofloc technology


  • Adolfo Jatobá Instituto Federal Catarinense, Araquari, SC, Brasil.
  • Esmeralda Chamorro Legarda Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.
  • Larissa Stockhausen Instituto Federal Catarinense, Araquari, SC, Brasil.
  • Felipe do Nascimento Vieira Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil.



BFT, Macrobrachium amazonicum, aquaculture


The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of biofloc technology to reared Amazon River prawn (Macrobrachium amazonicum). One hundred Amazon River prawn juveniles were divided into two experimental units (250 L), 50 animals per each. Prawns were fed two times per day, with 3% of the prawn biomass.  Dissolved oxygen and temperature were performed twice a day. Total suspended solids, pH, alkalinity, ammonia nitrogen, nitrite and nitrate were monitored twice a week. Prawns showed 77.67%, survival, 2.98 feed conversion, weekly weight gain of 0.29 g day-1, and yield of 822.0 g m-3 after six weeks of rearing. Dissolved oxygen, temperature and pH were suitable for the species, however, for some weeks, ammonia nitrogen and nitrite were higher than the limits recommended for prawn. In conclusion it is possible to use BFT to maintain and rearing Amazon River Prawn (M. amazonicum), however to improve the performance it is necessary to define nutritional requirements, as well improve the management techniques for this species in BFT.


Download data is not yet available.


APHA 2005. American Public Health Association. American Water Works Association, Water Pollution Control Association. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21.ed. Washington: American Public Health Association.

AVNIMELECH Y. 1999. Carbon/nitrogen ratio as a control element in aquaculture systems. Aquaculture 176: 227-235.

BROWN JH et al. 1991. The effect of water hardness on growth and carapace mineralization of juvenile freshwater prawns, Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man. Aquaculture 95: 329-345.

DUTRA FM et al. 2017. Histological alterations in gills of Macrobrachium amazonicum juveniles exposed to ammonia and nitrite. Aquatic Toxicology 187: 115-123.

EBELING JM et al. 2006. Engineering analysis of thestoichiometry of photoautotrophic, autotrophic, and heterotrophic removal ofammonia–nitrogen in aquaculture systems. Aquaculture 257: 346-358.

EMERENCIANO M et al. 2013. Biofloc technology (BFT): a review for aquaculture application and animal food industry. In MATOVIC MD (2013). Biomass now-cultivation and utilization. In Tech Online p.301-328.

FAO. 2016. Food and Agricultural Organization. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. Rome: FAO. 204p.

JATOBÁ A et al. 2014. Protein levels for Litopenaeus vannamei in semi-intensive and biofloc systems. Aquaculture 432: 365-371.

MACIEL CR & VALENTI WC. 2009. Biology, fisheries, and aquaculture of the Amazon River prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum: a review. Nauplius 17: 61-79.

MORAES-RIODADES PMC & VALENTI WC. 2002. Crescimento relativo do camarão canela Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) em viveiros. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 19: 1181-1214.

MORAES-VALENTI P et al. 2010. Effect of density on population development in the Amazon River prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum. Aquatic Biology 9: 291-301.

MORAES-VALENTI P & VALENTI WC. 2007. Effect of intensification on grow out of the Amazon River prawn, Macrobrachium amazonicum. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 38: 516-526.


2020-09-30 — Updated on 2022-04-27


How to Cite

JATOBÁ, Adolfo; LEGARDA, Esmeralda Chamorro; STOCKHAUSEN, Larissa; VIEIRA, Felipe do Nascimento. First report: Amazon River Prawn reared in biofloc technology. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 19, n. 3, p. 377–380, 2022. DOI: 10.5965/223811711932020377. Disponível em: Acesso em: 15 jul. 2024.



Research Note - Science of Animals and Derived Products