Physicochemical characteristics of the soil and its importance for fish farming




Aluminum saturation, aquaculture ponds, floodplain, pH


Ponds built on land are the main production units for aquatic organisms and the characteristics of the base soil of these structures influence the quality of water and the aquatic ecosystem formed for production. The objective of this study is to verify the characteristics of fish farms' soils and address their importance for fish farming. The study was based on the collection of base soils for the construction of fish ponds in the city of Dourados - MS, Brazil. Particle size, pH, organic matter (OM), effective (t) and potential cation exchange capacity (T), base saturation (V%), and aluminum saturation (m%) were evaluated. There was a significant positive correlation between pH x V% (0.77) and V% x t (0.74). There were significant negative correlations between the chemical variables pH x m% (-0.87), V% x m% (-0.88) and physical variables with clay in relation to sand (-0.91) and silt (-0.83). The correlation results corroborated the clusters formed by the PCA analysis, which indicated the existence of three groups of variables considering the first two dimensions. A negative relationship of m% x pH and V% was evident. When performing the grouping of properties according to soil parameters, three groups formed. This shows that even properties built on soils of a same pattern, such as a floodplain site, may show differences in physical, chemical, and soil organic matter parameters.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Vanessa Lewandowski, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Dourados, MS, Brasil.


Heloise Nantes Romero Leal, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Pioneiros, MS, Brasil.


Cesar Sary, CS Agro Brasil, Dourados, MS, Brasil.



BARUA P & GHANI MH. 2012. Comparative study of physico-chemical properties of soil according to the age of aquaculture pond of Bangladesh. Mesopotamian Journal of Marine Science 27: 29–38.

BAXA M et al. 2021. Dissolved oxygen deficits in a shallow eutrophic aquatic ecosystem (fishpond) – Sediment oxygen demand and water column respiration alternately drive the oxygen regime. Science of the Total Environment 766.

BOYD CE. 1974. Lime requirements of Alabama fish ponds. Auburn University Bulletin 459: 1-20.

BOYD CE. 1995. Bottom Soils, Sediment, and Pond Aquaculture. Boston: Springer US. 366p.

BOYD CE. 2020. Water Quality. Cham: Springer International Publishing. 441p.

BRADY NC & WEIL RR. 2013. Elementos da natureza e propriedades dos solos. 3 ed. Porto Alegre: Bookman. 715p.

CARL P & PETERSON BG. 2012. Performance Analytics charts and tables overview. Performance Analytics. 26p.

DUAN Y et al. 2020. Detecting spatiotemporal changes of large-scale aquaculture ponds regions over 1988–2018 in Jiangsu Province, China using Google Earth Engine. Ocean and Coastal Management 188: 105144.

EMBRAPA. 2017. Manual de métodos de análise de solo. 3.ed. Brasilia: Embrapa. 577p.

FASSBENDER HW. 1987. Quimica de suelos con énfases en suelos de América Latina. San José: Instituto Interamericano de Cooperación para la Agricultura. 398p.

HAN Y & BOYD CE. 2018. Effect of organic matter concentration on agricultural limestone dissolution in laboratory soil–water systems. Aquaculture Research 49: 3451–3455.

ITUASSÚ DR & SPERA ST. 2018. Abordagem prática do dimensionamento da demanda hídrica em projetos de piscicultura. Circular Técnica 2: 1–17.

KAMAL AHM et al. 2018. Physical and chemical characteristics of soil from tiger shrimp aquaculture ponds at Malacca, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 30: 47–62.

KASSAMBARA A & MUNDT F. 2020. Package “factoextra” for R: Extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses. R Package version 1.0.7.

LÊ S et al. 2008. FactoMineR: An R package for multivariate analysis. Journal of statiscial software 25: 1–18.

LI L et al. 2013 Equilibrium concentrations of major cations and total alkalinity in laboratory soil-water systems. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 25: 50–65.

LI N et al. 2018. Mapping soil cation‐exchange capacity using bayesian modeling and proximal sensors at the field scale. Soil Science Society of America Journal 82: 1203–1216.

MENDONÇA SKG et al. 2021. Occurrence and pedogenesis of acid sulfate soils in northeastern Brazil. Catena 196: 104937.

PEIXEBR. 2020. Anuário brasileiro da piscicultura PeixeBR 2020. Pinheiros: Texto Comunicação Corporativa. 136p.

SONNENHOLZNER S & BOYD CE. 2000. Vertical gradients of organic matter concentration and respiration rate in pond bottom soils. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 31: 376–380.

SOUZA RAL et al. 2021. Caracterização de sedimentos em viveiros de piscicultura na Amazônia Oriental, Brasil. Research, Society and Development 10: e41710111815.

TIDWELL JH. 2012. Aquaculture production systems. 1.ed. Hoboken: Blackwell Publishing. 402p.




How to Cite

LEWANDOWSKI, Vanessa; LEAL, Heloise Nantes Romero; SARY, Cesar. Physicochemical characteristics of the soil and its importance for fish farming. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 23, n. 1, p. 99–105, 2024. DOI: 10.5965/223811712312024099. Disponível em: Acesso em: 22 jul. 2024.



Research Article - Science of Animals and Derived Products

Most read articles by the same author(s)