Consumption and digestibility of small ruminants fed with babassu oil and mesocarp in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/223811712312024159

Keywords:

alternative feed, caprine, ovine, babassu palm, animal production

Abstract

Small ruminant husbandry is an important source of subsistence and income for family farmers, contributing to food security and socioeconomic development. To increase the production of these animals while aiming for low feeding costs, it is necessary to resort to different food alternatives that not only reduce expenses but also provide the animals with higher nutrient consumption and utilization. In this context, mesocarp and babassu oil emerge as dietary alternatives, which are generally considered nutritious sources, improving productive performance and reducing metabolic diseases caused by high grain concentration in the diet. The objective of this literature review is to survey the consumption and digestibility of nutrients in small ruminants fed with babassu oil and mesocarp in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. The selected articles for this review were published in databases from 2013 to 2023, using the following inclusion criteria: babassu oil, babassu mesocarp, alternative feeding, lambs nutrition, intake, and digestibility of nutrients. The studies indicate that babassu oil and mesocarp can be used in small ruminant feeding, resulting in significant gains in nutrient consumption and digestibility. However, there are restrictions regarding the use of these alternative feeds in the diet, with the appropriate quantity for mesocarp being between 10% to 10.5%, and for babassu oil, up to 7%.

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Author Biographies

Gleice Kelle Silva Marques Vilela, Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, Piauí, Brazil.

State University of Tocantins Region of Maranhão (UEMASUL). Specialist in Animal Production

Steyce Neves Barbosa, Federal University of São Francisco Valley, Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Postgraduate Program in Animal Science. Federal University of São Francisco Valley (PPGCA/UNIVASF), Petrolina, Brazil

Matheus Bilio Alves, Federal University of Tocantina Region of Maranhão, Imperatriz, Maranhão, Brazil.

.

Diego Carvalho Viana, State University of Maranhão, São Luiz, Maranhão, Brazil

.

Thiago Machado da Silva Acioly, State University of Maranhão, São Luiz, Maranhão, Brazil

Animal Science Program at the State University of Maranhão (PPGCA/UEMA). Imperatriz, Brazil.

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Published

2024-04-01

How to Cite

VILELA, Gleice Kelle Silva Marques; BARBOSA, Steyce Neves; ALVES, Matheus Bilio; VIANA, Diego Carvalho; ACIOLY, Thiago Machado da Silva. Consumption and digestibility of small ruminants fed with babassu oil and mesocarp in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 23, n. 1, p. 159–167, 2024. DOI: 10.5965/223811712312024159. Disponível em: https://revistas.udesc.br/index.php/agroveterinaria/article/view/23796. Acesso em: 22 jul. 2024.

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Section

Review Article - Science of Animals and Derived Products