Efeito da aplicação de fertilizantes minerais de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio na absorção de N, P e K e na eficiência de uso do feijão Faba (Vicia faba L.) em solo ácido na zona de Wolaita, sul da Etiópia

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/2238117122420236662

Palavras-chave:

eficiência agronômica;, eficiência agrofisiológica;, eficiência de recuperação aparente;, eficiência fisiológica;, eficiência de utilização

Resumo

O problema de fertilidade do solo é um grande constrangimento à produção de fava na zona de Wolaita, na Etiópia. Assim, foi realizada uma experiência de campo no subdistrito de Kokate Marachare durante as épocas agrícolas de 2019 e 2020 para determinar os fertilizantes N, P e K ideais para melhorar a absorção e eficiência de utilização da fava. Foram utilizadas três doses de N (0, 23 e 46 kg N ha–1), P (0, 46 e 92 kg P2O5 ha–1) e fertilizante K (0, 30 e 60 kg K2O ha–1). testado usando RCBD com três repetições. Foram analisados ​​dados de eficiência agronômica (AE), eficiência agrofisiológica (APE), eficiência de recuperação aparente (ARE) e eficiência de utilização dos nutrientes N, P e K. Os resultados revelaram que os índices de eficiência de absorção de N, P e K (UE) da fava foram significativamente influenciados pelos principais efeitos da dose de fertilizantes de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio. Assim, a aplicação de 23 kg N ha–1, 46 kg P2O5 ha–1 e 30 kg K2O ha–1 resultou em maiores AE de N, P e K, respectivamente (33,70 kg kg-1, 13,43 kg kg-1 e 27,32 kgkg-1); PE (76,87 kg kg-1, 104,51 kg kg-1 e 118,83 kg kg-1); APE (40,49 kg kg-1, 104,51 kg kg-1 e 68,07 kg kg-1); ARE (84,48%, 2,00% e 40,30%); e UE (63,47 kg kg-1, 2,52 kg kg-1 e 56,08 kg kg-1). Portanto, 23 kg N ha–1, 46 kg P2O 5ha–1 e 30 kg K2O ha–1 são recomendados para maior absorção de N, P e K e eficiência de uso da fava.

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Biografia do Autor

Bekalu Abebe Tsige, Wolaita Sodo University

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Nigussie Dechassa, Wolaita Sodo University

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Tamado Tana, University of Eswatini

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Fanuel Laekemariam, Wolaita Sodo University

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Yibekal Alemayehu, Wolaita Sodo University

.

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Publicado

2023-12-29

Como Citar

TSIGE, Bekalu Abebe; DECHASSA, Nigussie; TANA, Tamado; LAEKEMARIAM, Fanuel; ALEMAYEHU, Yibekal. Efeito da aplicação de fertilizantes minerais de nitrogênio, fósforo e potássio na absorção de N, P e K e na eficiência de uso do feijão Faba (Vicia faba L.) em solo ácido na zona de Wolaita, sul da Etiópia. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 22, n. 4, p. 662–673, 2023. DOI: 10.5965/2238117122420236662. Disponível em: https://revistas.udesc.br/index.php/agroveterinaria/article/view/23786. Acesso em: 24 fev. 2024.

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Artigo de Pesquisa - Ciência do Solo e do Ambiente

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