A imaginação nacional dos judeus norte-americanos: do pluralismo cultural liberal e sionista de Horace Kallen às incertezas do século XXI

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/2175180313332021e0202

Resumo

No debate de inícios do século XX acerca da incorporação dos imigrantes europeus, duas perspectivas compartilhavam a visão de que a nação norte-americana se assentava sobre valores cívicos, mas divergiam quanto às formas da incorporação: de um lado, o melting-pot de Israel Zangwill; de outro, o pluralismo cultural de Horace Kallen. Ao elaborar a ideia de pluralismo cultural, Kallen propôs, ademais, que os judeus dos Estados Unidos construíssem sua identidade norte-americana articulando sionismo e liberalismo. No pós-Segunda Guerra Mundial, os judeus dos Estados Unidos teriam, portanto, construído uma imaginação nacional assentada nesses dois eixos culturais e políticos. Desde os anos 1970, porém, o consenso sionista dos judeus norte-americanos entrou em processo de erosão, o que, ao lado de mudanças demográficas, tem colocado novos desafios à sua imaginação nacional neste início de século XXI.

Biografia do Autor

Flávio Limoncic, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO)

Doutor em História pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Professor do Departamento de História, do Programa de Pós-Graduação em História e do Mestrado Profissional em História da Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO).

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2021-05-22

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LIMONCIC, F. A imaginação nacional dos judeus norte-americanos: do pluralismo cultural liberal e sionista de Horace Kallen às incertezas do século XXI. Revista Tempo e Argumento, Florianópolis, v. 13, n. 33, p. e0202, 2021. DOI: 10.5965/2175180313332021e0202. Disponível em: https://revistas.udesc.br/index.php/tempo/article/view/2175180313332021e0202. Acesso em: 19 set. 2021.