Phenotypic characterization of alpaca (Vicugna pacos) coat colors in the Apurimac region, Peru: A basis for sustainable production

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/223811712312024079

Keywords:

Alpaca, Huacaya, Suri, Fiber, Color, Fleece, Proportions

Abstract

This study details the distribution of solid-colored alpacas in relation to their breed, gender, and age in the community of San Miguel de Mestizas, Apurímac. A total of 244 Suri genotype and 2,256 Huacaya alpacas were evaluated. Fleece color determination was carried out through observation and recorded on a registration form. A significant disparity in the proportion of solid-colored alpacas was found between Suri (10.8%) and Huacaya (89.2%) breeds, even after expanding the analysis to include all alpacas. The low prevalence of Suri was attributed to its increased vulnerability in Andean environments, reflected in higher mortality rates and lower reproduction. The study highlighted a predominance of female alpacas (69.6%), indicating management practices focused on males, impacting birth rates and offspring survival. Age-specific analysis revealed challenges in reproduction, with a limited proportion of alpacas in the milk teeth stage. In Huacaya, a preference for white fleece (66.8%) was evident, indicating a growing demand for colored fleeces. Suri alpacas showed a high proportion of females (71.2%) and a preference for solid colors, but the decline in solid-colored Suri raises concerns about genetic diversity. This detailed analysis emphasizes challenges in population management, color preferences, and the need to preserve genetic variability in the face of the growing demand for colored fleeces in San Miguel de Mestizas.

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Author Biographies

Victor Alberto Ramos, Universidad Nacional Micaela Bastidas de Apurímac, Perú

Ph.D. in Science, Technology, and Environment from the Graduate School of the National University of Altiplano - Puno. Master's in Rural Development, with a focus on Planning and Development Management, from the Graduate School of UNA, Puno. Second Specialization in Domestic South American Camelids from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics of UNA, Puno. Certified in Productive Management Skills, Master Shearer, and Classifier of South American Camelid Fiber

Keyro Alberto Meléndez, Universidad Nacional Micaela Bastidas de Apurímac, Perú

.

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Published

2024-04-01

How to Cite

RAMOS, Victor Alberto; MELÉNDEZ, Keyro Alberto. Phenotypic characterization of alpaca (Vicugna pacos) coat colors in the Apurimac region, Peru: A basis for sustainable production. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 23, n. 1, p. 79–88, 2024. DOI: 10.5965/223811712312024079. Disponível em: https://revistas.udesc.br/index.php/agroveterinaria/article/view/24715. Acesso em: 22 jul. 2024.

Issue

Section

Research Article - Science of Animals and Derived Products