Menthol as a natural anesthetic for guppy

Authors

  • Larissa da Cunha Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Lages, SC, Brasil.
  • Leonardo Machado Cardoso Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brasil.
  • Andressa Mariza Ribeiro Geraldo Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brasil.
  • Vagner Callai da Silva Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brasil.
  • Matheus dos Santos Cardoso Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Jaboticabal, SP, Brasil.
  • Alessandra Sayuri Kikuchi Tamajusuku Universidade Federal do Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brasil.
  • Márcio Aquio Hoshiba Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5965/223811711922020249

Keywords:

anesthetic, induction, ornamental fish, Poecilia reticulata, recovery

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate different menthol concentrations for the anesthesia of adult females, adult males, and juvenile guppy (Poecilia reticulata). To this end, 30 adult females (0.379 ± 0.108 g), 30 adult males (0.220 ± 0.049 g), and 30 juveniles (0.033 ± 0.016 g) were used. The animals were individually exposed to five concentrations of menthol (50, 100, 150, 200, and 250 mg L-1), six fish per concentration. The induction times, anesthetic recovery, and mortality up to 96 h after the experiment were evaluated. The concentration of 50 mg L-1 did not induce anesthesia in any of the studied groups. The concentrations of 100 and 250 mg L-1 resulted in 100% mortality in the adults (male and female) and juveniles, respectively. The concentrations from 150 to 250 mg L-1 and from 150 to 200 mg L-1 of menthol were efficient and safe for use as anesthesia for guppy adults (male and female) and juveniles, respectively.

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Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

CUNHA, Larissa da; CARDOSO, Leonardo Machado; GERALDO, Andressa Mariza Ribeiro; SILVA, Vagner Callai da; CARDOSO, Matheus dos Santos; TAMAJUSUKU, Alessandra Sayuri Kikuchi; HOSHIBA, Márcio Aquio. Menthol as a natural anesthetic for guppy. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 19, n. 2, p. 249–253, 2020. DOI: 10.5965/223811711922020249. Disponível em: https://revistas.udesc.br/index.php/agroveterinaria/article/view/15099. Acesso em: 16 jun. 2024.

Issue

Section

Research Note - Science of Animals and Derived Products